Florence – “Florentia”, the florid, was the name given by the Romans to this small settlement located at the foot of the ancient Etruscan Fiesole and founded in the first century BC.
Despite the internal struggles, first between rival families and then between the Guelfs (loyal to the Pope) and the Ghibellines (loyal to the Emperor), from the thirteenth century onwards it began to flourish as a city of art, culture and international trading, reaching its zenith in the fifteenth century under the Signoria of Cosimo and Lorenzo de’ Medici.
The territory of Florence is the guardian of an exceptional art heritage, a splendid testimony to its history and secular civilization from Fiesole with its Roman Theater to the hills of Chianti with its parish churches, endless itineraries may in fact be followed through the country side, offering a variety of different themes and high-quality content, both of cultural value and of environmental naturalistic interest.
If this is your first time in Florence, follow this link and find a comprensive guide to the area, with suggested places to see. Click here if you wants only to know the must see places of Florence.
Towns: Florence town – Bagno a Ripoli – Barberino di Mugello – Barberino Val d’Elsa – Borgo San Lorenzo – Calenzano – Campi Bisenzio – Capraia e Limite – Castelfiorentino – Cerreto Guidi – Certaldo – Dicomano – Empoli – Fiesole – Figline Valdarno – Firenzuola – Fucecchio – Gambassi Terme – Greve in Chianti – Impruneta – Incisa Valdarno – Lastra a Signa – Londa – Marradi – Montaione – Montelupo Fiorentino – Montespertoli – Palazzuolo sul Senio – Pelago – Pontassieve – Reggello – Rignano sull’Arno – Rufina – San Casciano Val di Pesa – San Godenzo – San Piero a Sieve – Scandicci – Scarperia – Sesto Fiorentino – Signa – Tavarnelle Val di Pesa – Vaglia – Vicchio – Vinci